■ Hashimoto Tsutomu Ph.D.(1967-)
Associate Professor, Faculty of Economics, HokkaidoUniversityGraduateSchool,
Visiting Scholar at New YorkUniversity. (2000.7.-20002.6.)
■ Birthplace: Tokyo, Japan ■ Major: Philosophy of Social Sciences, History of
Economic Ideas ■ Books:
--- The Logic of Liberty: Popper, Mises and Hayek, Sobun-sha in 1994, (in Japanese).
--- Philosophical Anthropology of the Social Sciences: A Project of Liberalism,
Keiso-Shobo in 1999, (in Japanese).
Conditions of Empire. Kobundo in 2007, (in
to Live with Freedom, Chikuma-shobo in 2007, (in
Economic Ethics, Kodan-sha in 2008, (in Japanese).
Sociology of Freedom, NTT, in 2010, (in Japanese).
When I was a teenager, I dreamed of being a musician, playing guitar and
composing a lot of music pieces. My friend, Mr. Motegi
Kin-ichi, was my partner, and we spent a lot of
time together playing our music. Most of our pieces were recorded on cassette
tapes, and they can be listened to anytime if you like. For more than four
years we enjoyed unforgettable times together.
Mr. Motegi finally became a real musician. He
is a drummer, and he now belongs to the famous pop-band called "Tokyo Skapara Orchestra." On the other hand, I am now an
associate professor on the Faculty of Economics at the Graduate School of
Hokkaido University in Japan. Although I belong to the faculty of
economics, my specialty is in the philosophy of social sciences, especially
the relations in the 20th century between ideology and methodology in the
social sciences, including economics, politics, sociology, law, and
My first academic concern was triggered by seeing the historical crash of the
Russian and East European communist regimes in 1989, and by knowing the
relevant philosophies of liberalism, especially the ideas of Popper, Mises and Hayek. At that time, I was only 22-years
old. Since I had traveled abroad to more than 20 countries, I really
felt that world history had begun to change drastically. I wanted to know the
cause and nature of the contemporary processes that were changing the world.
After I finished my first work, I went on to investigate related issues under
the theme of the relations between ideology and methodology in the 20th
century. I investigated Max Weber's sociology and his ideology,
Austrian Economics and its methodology, and various trends of Marxism. Along
with examining sources of the philosophy of liberalism, my main research now
is to construct an original theory of liberalism; on the one hand, I have
been in New York for two years (2000.7.- 2002.6.), attending the Austrian
Colloquium at New York University. During this period Professor Israel Kirzner and professor Mario Rizzo inspired me to study
the market coordination problem in the context of Austrian Economics. On the
other hand, I have a great concern with the history of world intellectuals
regarding the problem of the influence of Marxism. It is interesting to see
how the ghost of Marxist ideology still spurs on various anti-global
activities. My original contribution would be the one that addresses these
two theoretical issues.
If you are a college student, I would like to give you my mentor's advice. My
mentor, Professor Onitsuka, who has already passed
away, once gave me two interesting pieces of advice about how to spend
college life. The first advice was to wake up early and to go to bed early,
at least by . The human body functions most effectively when we
follow the rhythm of the moon. His second advice was to stay away from junk
food such as McDonalds' hamburgers or Coke. You have to take care of your
health; otherwise, you will shorten your life.
This advice was rooted in his own experience. In fact, Professor Onitsuka died at the age of 59 because of his lack of
moderation. He had been a graduate student at the University of Chicago for five years, and he lost his health.
Professor Onitsuka's advice not only helped me, but
he inspired me to study ideological issues when I was an undergraduate.
If I had not attended his seminar, I would not have dreamed of becoming a
professor. Thus, my message for you would be that the most important thing is
to meet a great teacher who will have a crucial impact on your life. You need
to struggle to find that kind of person as soon as possible. Do not hesitate
to contact me in English. Or, if you write in your own language, I have
friends who may be able to translate your message. I thank you for
visiting my home page. [2002.9.]
"On the Concept of Positive and Negative Freedom," in Jose Rubio Carrecedo ed. Political Philosophy: New Proposals for New Questions, Proseedings of the 22nd IVR World Congress Granada 2005,
volume II, Archiv fur Rechts-
und Sozialphilosophie (ARSP) Beiheft
Nr.107, Franz Steiner Verlag, 2007, pp.73-78.
"Carl Menger and the Later Austrian School of Economics:
An Analysis of their Methodological Relationship," in Austrian Economics
in Transition: From Carl Menger to Friedrich Hayek,
eds. by HaraldHagemann,
Tamotsu Nishizawa and Yukihiro Ikeda, Palgrave Macmillan, 2010, pp.310-328.